### 会计代写|国际商贸代写International Business代考|Business 2022

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写国际商贸International Business方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写国际商贸International Business代写方面经验极为丰富，各种代写国际商贸International Business相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• Advanced Probability Theory 高等概率论
• Advanced Mathematical Statistics 高等数理统计学
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 会计代写|国际商贸代写International Business代考|European Court of Justice and preliminary rulings

According to Art. 267 (1) TFEU the ECJ shall have the legal right to give preliminary rulings concerning: (a) the interpretation of this Treaty; and (b) (…) the validity and interpretation of acts of the institutions of the Community (…).

Most of the major verdicts given by the European Court of Justice have been made with reference to Art. 267. Furthermore, most of the cases in this book result from preliminary rulings under Art. 267. As explained earlier, by giving a preliminary ruling the ECJ gives its interpretation of a Treaty Article i.e. what exactly does this Article mean in relation to a particular case? Does the Article have a direct effect or not? Art. 267 enables the European Court of Justice to add new law to already existing EU law. A preliminary ruling given by the European Court of Justice can therefore be regarded as a (fourth) source of EU law.
A national court is entitled to put questions concerning the validity and interpretation of EU law to the ECJ. Proceedings in national courts are suspended during the period of time required by the ECJ to answer their questions. Art. 267 therefore ensures a uniform interpretation of the Articles of the TFEU and uniformity in the application of EU law throughout the EU.

The ECJ does not apply the law in national proceedings. This is still the task of the national court of law. The national court of law will give a verdict in the light of the preliminary ruling given by the ECJ under Art. 267 TFEU. The ECJ does not rule on the conflict between two litigating parties.

## 会计代写|国际商贸代写International Business代考|Reaching an agreement

There cannot be any doubt as to the legal status of agreements. Numerous laws and international treatics concern themselves with equally numerous agreements. It follows then, in the next section on reaching an agreement, that the content of such an agreement can be derived either from national law or an international Treaty such as the Convention on the International Sale of Goods, both of which look quite similar in this respect. There is no specific written law or treaty on negotiations during the period in which the ‘contracting parties to be’ conduct talks on, for instance, conditions of sale. This stage of negotiations is henceforth referred to as the preliminary stage, this being the stage prior to the final agreement between the two parties. This chapter will provide answers to questions on the rights and obligations of the negotiating parties during this preliminary stage.

An agreement between two parties is reached when one party accepts the offer of the other. An agreement therefore consists of an offer and the acceptance of that offer. Before an agreement is reached parties negotiate often for weeks, months or even years – over the content of their final agreement. In reaching an agreement, the parties have to go through several distinct procedures. In schedule $2.1, \mathrm{~A}$ and $\mathrm{B}$ are the negotiating parties, who reach an agreement in the end.
1 A draws up an offer and sends it to $B$.
2 The offer is delivered to $B$.
3 B takes time to think things over.
4 B comes to a decision and sends his acceptance to
5 B’s acceptance reaches A: at the very moment B’s acceptance reaches $A$ the agreement becomes final.
6 This moment is just after the moment when an agreement becomes final.
Schedule $2.1$ shows the sequence of offer, acceptance and conclusion of an agreement. A more detailed explanation, with examples, follows.

## 会计代写|国际商贸代写International Business代考|Reaching an agreement

1 A 拟定报价并将其发送至乙.
2 报价送至乙.
3 B 需要时间思考问题。
4 B 做出决定并将其接受发送给
5 B 接受到达 A：就在 B 接受到达的那一刻一个该协议成为最终协议。
6 这个时刻是在协议成为最终的那一刻之后。

## 有限元方法代写

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。