### 会计代写|财务管理代写Financial Management代考|FINA3326

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写财务管理Financial Management方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写财务管理Financial Management代写方面经验极为丰富，各种代写财务管理Financial Management相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 会计代写|财务管理代写Financial Management代考|Overview of Financial Statements

The most important source of information for evaluating the financial health of a company is its set of financial statements, consisting principally of a balance sheet, an income statement, and a cash flow statement. Although these statements can appear complex at times, they all rest on a very simple foundation. To understand this foundation and to see the ties among the three statements, let us look briefly at each.

A balance sheet is a financial snapshot, taken at a point in time, of all the assets the company owns and all the claims against those assets. The basic relationship, and indeed the foundation for all of accounting, is
Assets = Liabilities $+$ Shareholders’ equity
It is as if a herd (flock? column?) of accountants runs through the business on the appointed day, making a list of everything the company owns, and assigning each item a value. After tabulating the firm’s assets, the accountants list all outstanding company liabilities, where a liability is simply an obligation to deliver something of value in the future-or more colloquially, some form of an “IOU.” Having thus totaled up what the company owns and what it owes, the accountants call the difference between the two shareholders’ equity. Shareholders’ equity is the accountant’s estimate of the value of the shareholders’ investment in the firm, just as the value of a homeowners’ equity is the value of the home (the asset), less the mortgage outstanding against it (the liability). Shareholders’ equity is also known variously as owners’ equity, stockholders’ equity, net worth, or simply equity.

It is important to realize that the basic accounting equation holds for individual transactions, as well as for the firm as a whole. When a firm pays $\$ 1$million in wages, cash declines$\$1$ million and shareholders’ equity falls by the same amount. Similarly, when a company borrows $\$ 100,000$, cash rises$\$100,000$, as does a liability named something like loans outstanding. And when a company receives a $\$ 10,000$payment from a customer, cash rises while another asset, accounts receivable, falls by the same figure. In each instance, the double-entry nature of accounting guarantees that the basic accounting equation holds for each transaction, and when summed across all transactions, it holds for the company as a whole. To see how the repeated application of this single formula underlies the creation of company financial statements, consider Worldwide Sports (WWS), a newly founded retailer of value-priced sporting goods. In January 2021, the founder invested$\$150,000$ of his personal savings and added another $\$ 100,000$borrowed from relatives to start the business. After buying furniture and display fixtures for$\$60,000$ and merchandise for $\$ 80,000$, WWS was ready to open its doors. ## 会计代写|财务管理代写Financial Management代考|The Balance Sheet We will now take a more in-depth look at each of the key financial statements in turn, beginning with the balance sheet. To illustrate the techniques and concepts presented throughout the book, I will refer whenever possible to Polaris Inc., the self-styled “Global leader in Powersports” including snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), motorcycles, and boats. In addition to the United States, Polaris has manufacturing operations in China, France, Mexico, and Poland. It has offices in 14 countries and sells its products in over 100 countries, although 80 percent of sales originate in the United States. The company’s focus, as embodied in its marketing tagline “Think Outside” is to create products that enhance the experience of outdoor enthusiasts. Headquartered in Medina, Minnesota, a small town outside of Minneapolis, Polaris has$\$7$ billion in annual sales, and its stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange. The firm was founded in 1954 as one of the pioneers of the snowmobile industry. In the $1980 \mathrm{~s}$, Polaris diversified into off-road vehicles when they produced the first American-made ATVs. In 2011, Polaris extended its reach into on-road vehicles with its acquisition of the legendary Indian Motorcycle company. Between 2018 and 2019 , two more acquisitions added three well-known boat brands to Polaris’s product portfolio. Polaris’s recent ventures include forays into electric ATVs, electric motorcycles, and special-purpose electric automobiles. In 2020 , 64 percent of Polaris’s sales came from snowmobiles and off-road vehicles, with 9 percent coming from boats, 8 percent from motorcycles, and 19 percent from other products and services.

Table $1.2$ presents Polaris’s balance sheets for 2019 and 2020 . If the precise meaning of every asset and liability category in Table $1.2$ is not immediately apparent, be patient. We will discuss many of them in the following text. In addition, all of the accounting terms used appear in the glossary at the end of the book.

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。