数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|The Research Process

如果你也在 怎样代写计量经济学Principles of Econometrics这个学科遇到相关的难题,请随时右上角联系我们的24/7代写客服。

计量经济学是以数理经济学和数理统计学为方法论基础,对于经济问题试图对理论上的数量接近和经验(实证研究)上的数量接近这两者进行综合而产生的经济学分支。

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写计量经济学Principles of Econometrics方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写计量经济学Principles of Econometrics代写方面经验极为丰富,各种代写计量经济学Principles of Econometrics相关的作业也就用不着说。

我们提供的计量经济学Principles of Econometrics及其相关学科的代写,服务范围广, 其中包括但不限于:

  • Statistical Inference 统计推断
  • Statistical Computing 统计计算
  • Advanced Probability Theory 高等概率论
  • Advanced Mathematical Statistics 高等数理统计学
  • (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
  • Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
  • Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
  • Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础
数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|The Research Process

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|Panel or Longitudinal Data

Econometrics is ultimately a research tool. Students of econometrics plan to do research or they plan to read and evaluate the research of others, or both. This section provides a frame of reference and guide for future work. In particular, we show you the role of econometrics in research.
Research is a process, and like many such activities, it flows according to an orderly pattern. Research is an adventure, and can be fun’ Searching for an answer to your question, seeking new knowledge, is very addictive-for the more you seek, the more new questions you will find.
A research project is an opportunity to investigate a topic that is important to you. Choosing a good research topic is essential if you are to complete a project successfully. A starting point is the question “What are my interests?” Interest in a particular topic will add pleasure to the

research effort. Also, if you begin working on a topic, other questions will usually occur to you. These new questions may put another light on the original topic or may represent new paths to follow that are even more interesting to you. The idea may come after lengthy study of all that has been written on a particular topic. You will find that “inspiration is $99 \%$ perspiration.” That means that after you dig at a topic long enough, a new and interesting question will occur to you. Alternatively, you may be led by your natural curiosity to an interesting question. Professor Hal $\operatorname{Varian}^{8}$ suggests that you look for ideas outside academic journals-in newspapers, magazines, etc. He relates a story about a research project that developed from his shopping for a new TV set.
By the time you have completed several semesters of economics classes, you will find yourself enjoying some areas more than others. For each of us, specialized areas such as health economics, economic development, industrial organization, public tinance, resource economics, monetary economics, environmental economics, and international trade hold a different appeal. If you find an area or topic in which you are interested, consult the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) for a list of related journal articles. The JEL has a classification scheme that makes isolating particular areas of study an easy task. Alternatively, type a few descriptive words into your favorite search engine and see what pops up.

Once you have focused on a particular idea, begin the research process, which generally follows steps like these:

  1. Economic theory gives us a way of thinking about the problem. Which economic variables are involved, and what is the possible direction of the relationship(s)? Every research project, given the initial question, begins by building an economic model and listing the questions (hypotheses) of interest. More questions will arise during the research project, but it is good to list those that motivate you at the project’s beginning.
  2. The working economic model leads to an econometric model. We must choose a functional form and make some assumptions about the nature of the error term.

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|A Format for Writing a Research Report

Economic research reports have a standard format in which the various steps of the research project are discussed and the results interpreted. The following outline is typical.

  1. Statement of the Problem The place to start your report is with a summary of the questions you wish to investigate as well as why they are important and who should be interested in the results. This introductory section should be nontechnical and should motivate the reader to continue reading the paper. It is also useful to map out the contents of the following sections of the report. This is the first section to work on and also the last. In today’s busy world, the reader’s attention must be garnered very quickly. A clear, concise, well-written introduction is a must and is arguably the most important part of the paper.
  2. Review of the Literature Briefly summarize the relevant literature in the research area you have chosen and clarify how your work extends our knowledge. By all means, cite the works of others who have motivated your research, but keep it brief. You do not have to survey everything that has been written on the topic.
  3. The Economic Model Specify the economic model that you used and define the economic variables. State the model’s assumptions and identify hypotheses that you wish to test. Economic models can get complicated. Your task is to explain the model clearly, but as briefly and simply as possible. Don’t use unnecessary technical jargon. Use simple terms instead of complicated ones when possible. Your objective is to display the quality of your thinking, not the extent of your vocabulary.
  4. The Econometric Model Discuss the econometric model that corresponds to the economic model. Make sure you include a discussion of the variables in the model, the functional form, the error assumptions, and any other assumptions that you make. Use notation that is as simple as possible, and do not clutter the body of the paper with long proofs or derivations; these can go into a technical appendix.
  5. The Data Describe the data you used, as well as the source of the data and any reservations you have about their appropriateness.
  6. The Estimation and Inference Procedures Describe the estimation methods you used and why they were chosen. Explain hypothesis testing procedures and their usage. Indicate the software used and the version, such as Stata 15 or EViews $10 .$
  7. The Empirical Results and Conclusions Report the parameter estimates, their interpretation, and the values of test statistics. Comment on their statistical significance, their relation to previous estimates, and their economic implications.
  8. Possible Extensions and Limitations of the Study Your research will raise questions about the economic model, data, and estimation techniques. What future research is suggested by your findings, and how might you go about performing it?
  9. Acknowledgments It is appropriate to recognize those who have commented on and contributed to your research. This may include your instructor, a librarian who helped you find data, or a fellow student who read and commented on your paper.
  10. References An alphabetical list of the literature you cite in your study, as well as references to the data sources you used.

Once you’ve written the first draft, use your computer’s spell-check software to check for spelling errors. Have a friend read the paper, make suggestions for clarifying the prose, and check your logic and conclusions. Before you submit the paper, you should eliminate as many errors as possible. Your work should look good. Use a word processor, and be consistent with font sizes, section headings, style of footnotes, references, and so on. Often software developers provide templates for term papers and theses. A little searching for a good paper layout before beginning is a good idea. Typos, missing references, and incorrect formulas can spell doom for an otherwise excellent paper. Some do’s and don’ts are summarized nicely, and with good humor, by Deidre N. McClosky in Economical Writing, 2nd edition (Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc., 1999).

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|Obtaining the Data

Finding a data source is not the same as obtaining the data. Although there are a great many easy-to-use websites, “easy-to-use” is a relative term. The data will come packaged in a variety of formats. It is also true that there are many, many variables at each of these websites. A primary challenge is identifying the specific variables that you want, and what exactly they measure. The following examples are illustrative.

The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis ${ }^{9}$ has a system called FRED (Federal Reserve Economic Data). Under “Categories” there are links to financial variables, population and labor variables, national accounts, and many others. Data on these variables can be downloaded in a number of formats. For reading the data, you may need specific knowledge of your statistical software. Accompanying Principles of Econometrics, Se, are computer manuals for Excel, EViews, Stata, SAS, R, and Gretl to aid this process. See the publisher website www.wiley.com/college/hill, or the book website at www.principlesofeconometrics.com for a description of these aids.

The CPS (www.census.gov/cps) has a tool called DataFerrett. This tool will help you find and download data series that are of particular interest to you. There are tutorials that guide you through the process. Variable descriptions, as well as the specific survey questions, are provided to aid in your selection. It is somewhat like an Internet shopping site. Desired series are “ticked” and added to a “Shopping Basket.” Once you have filled your basket, you download the data to use with specific software. Other Web-based data sources operate in this same manner. One example is the PSID. ${ }^{10}$ The Penn World Tables ${ }^{11}$ offer data downloads in both Excel and Stata formats.
You can expect to find massive amounts of readily available data at the various sites we have mentioned, but there is a learning curve. You should not expect to find, download, and process the data without considerable work effort. Being skilled with Excel and statistical software is a must if you plan to regularly use these data sources.

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|The Research Process

计量经济学代考

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|Panel or Longitudinal Data

计量经济学最终是一种研究工具。计量经济学的学生计划进行研究,或者他们计划阅读和评估他人的研究,或两者兼而有之。本节为今后的工作提供了参考框架和指南。特别是,我们向您展示了计量经济学在研究中的作用。
研究是一个过程,与许多此类活动一样,它按照有序的模式流动。研究是一种冒险,而且可能很有趣’寻找问题的答案,寻求新知识,是非常令人上瘾的——因为你寻求的越多,你就会发现越多的新问题。
研究项目是调查对您很重要的主题的机会。如果您要成功完成一个项目,选择一个好的研究课题是必不可少的。起点是“我的兴趣是什么?”这个问题。对特定主题的兴趣将增加乐趣

研究努力。此外,如果您开始研究一个主题,您通常会遇到其他问题。这些新问题可能会为原始主题提供新的视角,或者可能代表您更感兴趣的新路径。这个想法可能是在对有关特定主题的所有内容进行长时间研究之后产生的。你会发现“灵感是99%汗。” 这意味着,在您对某个主题进行足够长的挖掘之后,您会想到一个新的有趣的问题。或者,你可能会被你天生的好奇心引导到一个有趣的问题。哈尔教授变体8建议你在学术期刊之外寻找想法——在报纸、杂志等中。他讲述了一个关于一个研究项目的故事,该项目是从他购买一台新电视机开始的。
当您完成几个学期的经济学课程时,您会发现自己比其他领域更喜欢某些领域。对于我们每个人来说,健康经济学、经济发展、产业组织、公共财政、资源经济学、货币经济学、环境经济学和国际贸易等专业领域都有不同的吸引力。如果您发现自己感兴趣的领域或主题,请查阅经济文献杂志 (JEL) 以获取相关期刊文章的列表。JEL 有一个分类方案,可以轻松隔离特定的研究领域。或者,在你最喜欢的搜索引擎中输入一些描述性的词,看看会弹出什么。

一旦你专注于一个特定的想法,开始研究过程,通常遵循如下步骤:

  1. 经济理论为我们提供了一种思考问题的方式。涉及哪些经济变量,关系的可能方向是什么?每个研究项目,给定最初的问题,首先建立一个经济模型并列出感兴趣的问题(假设)。在研究项目期间会出现更多问题,但最好在项目开始时列出那些激励你的问题。
  2. 有效的经济模型导致了一个计量经济学模型。我们必须选择一种函数形式并对误差项的性质做出一些假设。

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|A Format for Writing a Research Report

经济研究报告具有标准格式,其中讨论了研究项目的各个步骤并解释了结果。下面的大纲是典型的。

  1. 问题陈述 报告的起点是您希望调查的问题的摘要,以及它们为何重要以及谁应该对结果感兴趣。这个介绍性部分应该是非技术性的,应该激励读者继续阅读论文。绘制报告以下部分的内容也很有用。这是要处理的第一部分,也是最后一部分。在当今繁忙的世界中,必须非常迅速地吸引读者的注意力。一个清晰、简洁、写得很好的介绍是必须的,并且可以说是论文中最重要的部分。
  2. 文献回顾 简要总结您选择的研究领域的相关文献,并阐明您的工作如何扩展我们的知识。一定要引用其他激励你研究的人的作品,但要简短。您不必调查有关该主题的所有内容。
  3. 经济模型 指定您使用的经济模型并定义经济变量。陈述模型的假设并确定您希望检验的假设。经济模型可能会变得复杂。你的任务是清楚地解释模型,但要尽可能简短和简单。不要使用不必要的技术术语。尽可能使用简单的术语而不是复杂的术语。你的目标是展示你思考的质量,而不是你的词汇量。
  4. 计量经济模型 讨论与经济模型相对应的计量经济模型。确保包括对模型中变量、函数形式、错误假设以及您所做的任何其他假设的讨论。使用尽可能简单的符号,不要用冗长的证明或推导弄乱论文的主体;这些可以进入技术附录。
  5. 数据描述您使用的数据,以及数据的来源以及您对其适当性的任何保留。
  6. 估计和推理程序 描述您使用的估计方法以及选择它们的原因。解释假设检验程序及其用法。注明使用的软件和版本,例如 Stata 15 或 EViews10.
  7. 实证结果和结论报告参数估计、它们的解释和检验统计的值。评论它们的统计意义、它们与先前估计的关系以及它们的经济影响。
  8. 研究的可能扩展和限制 您的研究将提出有关经济模型、数据和估计技术的问题。您的发现建议了哪些未来的研究,您将如何进行?
  9. 致谢 表彰那些对您的研究发表评论并做出贡献的人是适当的。这可能包括您的讲师、帮助您查找数据的图书管理员或阅读并评论您的论文的同学。
  10. 参考文献 您在研究中引用的文献按字母顺序排列的列表,以及对您使用的数据源的引用。

写完初稿后,使用计算机的拼写检查软件检查拼写错误。请一位朋友阅读论文,提出澄清散文的建议,并检查您的逻辑和结论。在提交论文之前,您应该尽可能多地消除错误。你的工作应该看起来不错。使用文字处理器,并与字体大小、章节标题、脚注样式、参考文献等保持一致。软件开发人员通常会为学期论文和论文提供模板。在开始之前稍微搜索一下好的纸张布局是个好主意。错别字、缺失的参考文献和不正确的公式可能会导致一篇优秀论文的厄运。Deidre N. McClosky 在《经济学写作》第 2 版(Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.,

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考|Obtaining the Data

查找数据源与获取数据不同。尽管易于使用的网站有很多,但“易于使用”是一个相对术语。数据将以多种格式打包。这些网站中的每一个都有很多很多变量,这也是事实。一个主要挑战是确定您想要的特定变量,以及它们究竟测量什么。以下示例是说明性的。

圣路易斯联邦储备银行9有一个称为 FRED(美联储经济数据)的系统。在“类别”下,有与金融变量、人口和劳动力变量、国民账户和许多其他变量的链接。这些变量的数据可以多种格式下载。要阅读数据,您可能需要了解统计软件的特定知识。伴随计量经济学原理 Se 是 Excel、EViews、Stata、SAS、R 和 Gretl 的计算机手册,以帮助这一过程。请参阅出版商网站 www.wiley.com/college/hill 或 www.principlesofeconometrics.com 上的图书网站,了解这些辅助工具的说明。

CPS (www.census.gov/cps) 有一个名为 DataFerrett 的工具。该工具将帮助您查找和下载您特别感兴趣的数据系列。有指导您完成整个过程的教程。提供变量描述以及特定的调查问题以帮助您进行选择。它有点像一个互联网购物网站。所需的系列被“勾选”并添加到“购物篮”中。填满购物篮后,您可以下载数据以与特定软件一起使用。其他基于 Web 的数据源以同样的方式运行。一个例子是 PSID。10宾夕法尼亚大学世界表11提供 Excel 和 Stata 格式的数据下载。
您可以期望在我们提到的各个站点上找到大量现成的数据,但有一个学习曲线。您不应该期望在没有大量工作的情况下查找、下载和处理数据。如果您计划定期使用这些数据源,则必须熟练使用 Excel 和统计软件。

数学代写|计量经济学原理代写Principles of Econometrics代考 请认准statistics-lab™

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金融工程代写

金融工程是使用数学技术来解决金融问题。金融工程使用计算机科学、统计学、经济学和应用数学领域的工具和知识来解决当前的金融问题,以及设计新的和创新的金融产品。

非参数统计代写

非参数统计指的是一种统计方法,其中不假设数据来自于由少数参数决定的规定模型;这种模型的例子包括正态分布模型和线性回归模型。

广义线性模型代考

广义线性模型(GLM)归属统计学领域,是一种应用灵活的线性回归模型。该模型允许因变量的偏差分布有除了正态分布之外的其它分布。

术语 广义线性模型(GLM)通常是指给定连续和/或分类预测因素的连续响应变量的常规线性回归模型。它包括多元线性回归,以及方差分析和方差分析(仅含固定效应)。

有限元方法代写

有限元方法(FEM)是一种流行的方法,用于数值解决工程和数学建模中出现的微分方程。典型的问题领域包括结构分析、传热、流体流动、质量运输和电磁势等传统领域。

有限元是一种通用的数值方法,用于解决两个或三个空间变量的偏微分方程(即一些边界值问题)。为了解决一个问题,有限元将一个大系统细分为更小、更简单的部分,称为有限元。这是通过在空间维度上的特定空间离散化来实现的,它是通过构建对象的网格来实现的:用于求解的数值域,它有有限数量的点。边界值问题的有限元方法表述最终导致一个代数方程组。该方法在域上对未知函数进行逼近。[1] 然后将模拟这些有限元的简单方程组合成一个更大的方程系统,以模拟整个问题。然后,有限元通过变化微积分使相关的误差函数最小化来逼近一个解决方案。

tatistics-lab作为专业的留学生服务机构,多年来已为美国、英国、加拿大、澳洲等留学热门地的学生提供专业的学术服务,包括但不限于Essay代写,Assignment代写,Dissertation代写,Report代写,小组作业代写,Proposal代写,Paper代写,Presentation代写,计算机作业代写,论文修改和润色,网课代做,exam代考等等。写作范围涵盖高中,本科,研究生等海外留学全阶段,辐射金融,经济学,会计学,审计学,管理学等全球99%专业科目。写作团队既有专业英语母语作者,也有海外名校硕博留学生,每位写作老师都拥有过硬的语言能力,专业的学科背景和学术写作经验。我们承诺100%原创,100%专业,100%准时,100%满意。

随机分析代写


随机微积分是数学的一个分支,对随机过程进行操作。它允许为随机过程的积分定义一个关于随机过程的一致的积分理论。这个领域是由日本数学家伊藤清在第二次世界大战期间创建并开始的。

时间序列分析代写

随机过程,是依赖于参数的一组随机变量的全体,参数通常是时间。 随机变量是随机现象的数量表现,其时间序列是一组按照时间发生先后顺序进行排列的数据点序列。通常一组时间序列的时间间隔为一恒定值(如1秒,5分钟,12小时,7天,1年),因此时间序列可以作为离散时间数据进行分析处理。研究时间序列数据的意义在于现实中,往往需要研究某个事物其随时间发展变化的规律。这就需要通过研究该事物过去发展的历史记录,以得到其自身发展的规律。

回归分析代写

多元回归分析渐进(Multiple Regression Analysis Asymptotics)属于计量经济学领域,主要是一种数学上的统计分析方法,可以分析复杂情况下各影响因素的数学关系,在自然科学、社会和经济学等多个领域内应用广泛。

MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中,其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括:数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发,包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统,其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题,尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题,而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问,这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展,得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中,它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域,MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要,工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数(M 文件)的综合集合,可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。

R语言代写问卷设计与分析代写
PYTHON代写回归分析与线性模型代写
MATLAB代写方差分析与试验设计代写
STATA代写机器学习/统计学习代写
SPSS代写计量经济学代写
EVIEWS代写时间序列分析代写
EXCEL代写深度学习代写
SQL代写各种数据建模与可视化代写

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