### 经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|ECON3057

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写产业经济学Industrial Economics方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写产业经济学Industrial Economics代写方面经验极为丰富，各种代写产业经济学Industrial Economics相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|applying the Brisbane Club model to the mega-technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Our contribution adopts the Brisbane Club model of socioeconomic systems in order to analyse the mega-technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution indeed this is what differentiates our analysis. The Brisbane Club model offers a perspective on socioeconomic systems as complex evolving networks formed by individuals acting on the basis of their psychology and socioeconomic environment. It was specifically designed to allow us to analyse the effects of technology on the socioeconomic system and incorporates insights from behavioural-psychological, institutional, and evolutionary economics.

The Brisbane Club model starts with the proposition that the economy is a complex evolving system formed by individuals acting on the basis of their psychology and socioeconomic environment, and places a model of the mind as a network structure within which and upon which the psychological process operates at the core of the socioeconomic system. Perception transforms information in the socioeconomic environment of the individual into percepts of the objects and events contained within that environment and classifications thereof. The process of analysis connects those percepts together to construe the relationship between objects and events and classifications thereof in the environment. This provides the basis for decision, which is guided by the preferences established by the knowledge of how and why to act in certain ways so that the individual chooses that feasible course of action associated with the most preferable implications out of all feasible alternatives. The mental networks within which this process operates are subject to continual evolution through the addition of new connections and the fading of old connections.

Socioeconomic networks form out of the behaviour of individuals within them where they interact and evolve as their behaviour does. Individual behaviour evolves wherever incentives are changing to make new modes of behaviour more attractive, or technology expands the range of human capability to make the realisation of complementarities feasible. Given a set of incentives and technology, behaviour evolves further where new knowledge about how and why to act in new ways is incorporated into the mind and applied to guide behaviour. New ideas are incorporated into the mind to become knowledge the simpler they are, the more the objects and events they connect have a hold on individual attention, and the greater the extent to which they build on existing mental networks at their periphery without contracting them. That new knowledge is applied the greater the extent to which the information corresponding to the elements of it, or perceptual antecedents thereto, are placed and presented in the environment so as to have a greater impression on the sensory organs. The greater the extent positive anchors exist within that knowledge, the greater the likelihood the new mode of behaviour will be adopted.

## 经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|Technical appendix

For the sake of simplicity, we will focus only on the formation of economic networks in this appendix, but a roughly equivalent formalism applies to the formation of social networks as well. The “Brisbane Club” model starts from the proposition that economies are complex evolving systems formed by individuals acting on the basis of their psychology and socioeconomic environment. From this proposition a model of economies as evolving networks formed by individual interactions may be constructed, and various technologies “released” into it once their effects are established. Drawing on the technical document provided by Markey-Towler (2016), we begin by defining the economy as a network consisting of a set of individuals $N$ and a set of connections $g(N)$ between them
$$E={N g(N)}$$
A connection $i j \in g(N)$ within the economy we say consists of transfers of goods and services $x_{i j}$ and mediums of exchange $m_{i j}$. between $i$ and $j$, so that $[i j \in g(N)]=$ $\left[x_{i j} m_{i j}\right]$. These connections are formed by individuals acting on the basis of their psychology and socioeconomic environment, so we require a model of the mind and psychological process to understand the formation and evolution of economic networks. Such a model is provided by Markey-Towler (2018a).

## 经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考| The internet: a remarkable data-transfer technology

Asking “what is the internet” is a little like the proverbial fish asking “what is water”; it is such an ubiquitous aspect of life in the modern economy. But if we understand what exactly the technology is and what it allows us to do, we will be better able to understand its relationship with various aspects of the psychological process, and thus the potential it brings for behavioural change at the micro-scale and socioeconomic evolution at the macro-scale. Probably one of the best ways to do this is to consider how it emerged in history as a solution to a particular problem (see Brugger, 2010) which then opened a range of other possibilities.

The first computers were closed systems – unit, integral, unconnected to any others. They could only process information programmed into them by human beings, using the processing algorithms programmed into them by human beings, and using only their own hardware. They were essentially large pocket calculators. Soon after they were built, however, the question arose as to whether they might be connected to one another so as to transfer information and programs from computer to computer, and distribute tasks among them. In the late 1960 s the ARPANET was constructed, which first connected computers at UCLA and Stanford, then UC Santa Barbara and the University of Utah, allowing them to transfer information – “data packets” – from computer to computer directly and distribute computational tasks (Leiner et al., 1999). This was followed by an increasing number of variations and improvements on the underlying transfer protocol within the computers themselves, as well as variations and improvements on the physical infrastructure upon which that transfer protocol operated. A major breakthrough occurred when the “modem” was invented, which allowed transfer protocols to operate on existing telecommunications infrastructure by transforming data packets into sound. Thus was the “dial-up” internet born, in which one might use one’s modem to execute transfer protocols over the telephone networks – literally using the phone lines to send requests for data packets to be transferred from one computer to another over the internet and then to transfer them.

The second major breakthrough, which created the internet as we now know it, was achieved by Tim Berners-Lee at the famous CERN, who wanted to devise a more ergonomic way to request the transfer of data packets and execute a transfer protocol between computers than laborious coding. To this end, Berners-Lee invented the “Hypertext Transfer Protocol”- http – which embedded a subroutine containing a transfer protocol within a protocol contained within a data packet which would be executed by the click of a mouse on a particular body of text – a “hypertext” – upon the screen of a computer (Hafner, 1998; Berners-Lee, 2000). Berners-Lee’s invention gave rise to what we now call the World Wide Web: a network of computers within the internet storing data which might be transferred upon a request executed by a hypertext transfer protocol. This is the portion of the network which soon became accessible to non-specialists with the advent of search engines – the most famous of course being Google – which build a searchable index of data packets which might be transferred over the internet by simply executing all the hypertext protocols embedded within each data packet and repeating (Schmidt, Rosenberg and Eagle, 2014). Those data packets we know now as “sites”” and the hypertexts which execute requests to transfer them we know as “links”” When they are transferred to our computer for us to view, we “visit” them.

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。