### 经济代写|市场经济学代写Market economy代考|Governance

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写市场经济学Market economy方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写市场经济学Market economy代写方面经验极为丰富，各种代写市场经济学Market economy相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• Advanced Probability Theory 高等概率论
• Advanced Mathematical Statistics 高等数理统计学
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 经济代写|市场经济学代写Market economy代考|Trust

Trust is a frequently used cultural variable. It is measured by the dichotomous item whether ‘most people can be trusted or whether you cannot be too careful’ from the World Values Survey. Table $2.1$ shows the percentages of people answering yes to the question. Trust appears to be highest in the United States and the lowest in France. The German score is closer to the United States’ score than to the French score. The Global Preferences Survey measures trust by means of the question: ‘I assume that people have only the best intentions.’ The order of these scores is similar to the WVS measure. Only Germany has a lower rank than in the WVS measure.

## 经济代写|市场经济学代写Market economy代考|Cooperation

Whether differences in opinion or interest lead to a conflict depends on whether one is willing to cooperate instead of seeking confrontation. The business leaders’ opinions on the degree of cooperation in labour employment relations are used as an indicator of willingness to cooperate. It appears that the United States and Germany have a relatively high degree of cooperation in labour relations (Table $2.1$ at the bottom). For France, however, cooperation is much less. Labour relations there are often very conflictive and violent. A good example is a board meeting of Air France on October 5, 2015. The board discussed the need to cut costs. During the board’s discussions, a group of angry employees stormed the fence and took control of the board room where the managers were meeting. […] a short time later it was clear that some managers had been physically assaulted. Human resources manager Xavier Broseta was in a particularly bad way, losing not only his glasses but also his jacket and shirt. He escaped his attackers by fleeing and scaling a fence, still wearing his tie but minus his shirt. One union leader later said that Broseta had ‘narrowly escaped being lynched.’ (van Laer 2020: 25)

During the financial crisis of 2008 , similar scenes were ohserved. In some cases, employees locked managers in their offices, blaming the latter for factories having to be closed or for employees being fired because of financial problems. The protests by the Yellow Vests in 2018 and 2019 are evidence of

the same phenomenon. Van Laer (2020: 24-29) ascribes this cleavage between managers and employees to the fact that managers in large French companies are recruited from the alumni of the Grandes écoles (see also Piketty 2020: 757, and Chapters 5 and 7). This is a group of in-crowds, who pass jobs to each other without any serious investigation of the qualifications needed.

Arriving at a deal can also be facilitated if leaders are willing to delegate authority to subordinates. This can increase the speed by which a solution can be found; more people can work towards finding a solution. In addition, a solution offered is more easily accepted if the various parties involved have had a say in the process. Once again France stands out as the country where, according to business leaders, the willingness to cooperate is relatively low (Table 2.1).

## 经济代写|市场经济学代写Market economy代考|Views on market mechanisms

The different waves of the World Values Survey contain questions directly referring to the organization or possible outcomes (distribution of income and wealth) of a market economy. The three countries’ scores on each of these indicators are presented in Table 2.3. As expected, the United States’ scores indicate a preference for competition, private ownership, and responsibility taken by the people themselves. Consistent with these scores, hard work is considered important for success. These scores reflect the high degree of individualism in the United States and the belief that people are responsible for their own success (see also Alesina and Glaeser 2004). Of the three countries concerned, the inhabitants of Germany are most in favour of the government owning firms and taking responsibility. The respondents in the Unitcd States care less than those in Germany and France for equality in income. French respondents are most inclined to think that one can only get rich at the expense of others.

In this chapter, we have sketched each of the three countries’ history and their scores on measures of dominant values of the population at large. From the information thus provided, we conclude that the culture of the United States stimulates individual initiative and accepts uncertainty. German culture favours competition less but still accepts it. Uncertainty is a phenomenon the Germans dislike to a great extent. France is a hierarchical country. The elite is expected to behave in a different way from the common people and their scores differ on many items from those of lower classes. The low level of willingness to cooperate combined with the hierarchical approach can easily set the scene for conflicts. This is one of France’s paradoxes: employees expect help from employers but distrust them too.

This chapter brings Part I of this book to an end: the stage is set. This part has described the developments in economics motivated by, amongst other things, the fall of the Berlin Wall. It noted that these developments have increased interest in the place of norms and values in the functioning of an economy, but that at the same time the position of the economist has remained that of an impartial observer. The aim of this book is to show the relationship between values and norms in economic theories, the population at large, and the consequences for the functioning of economies. Chapter 2 has provided an overview of the dominant views of the population and brief descriptions of historical events that may have inculcated these values. Part II will discuss in more detail the positions of the three schools of economic thought associated with each country, namely the free market tradition (Chapter 3 ), the ordoliberal school in Germany (Chapter 4), and the French school of economic engineers (Chapter 6). Where appropriate, we will link these descriptions to the population’s values as presented in the present chapter.

## 经济代写|市场经济学代写Market economy代考|Cooperation

2008年金融危机期间，也出现过类似的场景。在某些情况下，员工将经理锁在办公室里，指责后者是工厂不得不关闭或员工因财务问题被解雇的原因。2018 年和 2019 年黄背心的抗议活动证明了

## 有限元方法代写

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。