### 统计代写|商业分析作业代写Statistical Modelling for Business代考|Existing sources

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 统计代写|商业分析作业代写Statistical Modelling for Business代考|Existing sources

Sometimes we can use data already gathered by public or private sources. The Internet is an obvious place to search for electronic versions of government publications, company reports, and business journals, but there is also a wealth of information available in the reference section of a good library or in county courthouse records.

If a business wishes to find demographic data about regions of the United States, a natural source is the U.S. Census Bureau’s website at http://www.census.gov. Other useful websites for economic and financial data include the Federal Reserve at http://research.stlouisfed.org /fred $2 /$ and the Bureau of Labor Statistics at http://stats.bls.gov/.

However, given the ease with which anyone can post documents, pictures, blogs, and videos on the Internet, not all sites are equally reliable. Some of the sources will be more useful, exhaustive, and error-free than others. Fortunately, search engines prioritize the lists and provide the most relevant and highly used sites first.

Obviously, performing such web searches costs next to nothing and takes relatively little time, but the tradeoff is that we are also limited in terms of the type of information we are able to find. Another option may be to use a private data source. Most companies keep and use employee records and information about their customers, products, processes (inventory, payroll, manufacturing, and accounting), and advertising results. If we have no affiliation with these companies, however, these data may be difficult to obtain.

Another alternative would be to contact a data collection agency, which typically incurs some kind of cost. You can either buy subscriptions or purchase individual company financial reports from agencies like Bloomberg and Dow Jones \& Company. If you need to collect specific information, some companies, such as ACNielsen and Information Resources, Inc., can be hired to collect the information for a fee. Moreover, no matter what existing source you take data from, it is important to assess how reliable the data are by determing how, when, and where the data were collected.

## 统计代写|商业分析作业代写Statistical Modelling for Business代考|Experimental and observational studies

There are many instances when the data we need are not readily available from a public or private source. In cases like these, we need to collect the data ourselves. Suppose we work for a beverage company and want to assess consumer reactions to a new bottled water. Because the water has not been marketed yet, we may choose to conduct taste tests, focus groups, or some other market research. As another example, when projecting political election results, telephone surveys and exit polls are commonly used to obtain the information needed to predict voting trends. New drugs for fighting disease are tested by collecting data under carefully controlled and monitored experimental conditions. In many marketing, political, and medical situations of these sorts, companies sometimes hire outside consultants or statisticians to help them obtain appropriate data. Regardless of whetherr newly minted data are gathered in-house or by paid outsiders, this type of data collection requires much more time, effort, and expense than are needed when data can be found from public or private sources.

When initiating a study, we first define our variable of interest, or response variable. Other variables, typically called factors, that may be related to the response variable of interest will also be measured. When we are able to set or manipulate the values of these factors, we have an experimental study. For example, a pharmaceutical company might wish to determine the most appropriate daily dose of a cholesterol-lowering drug for patients having cholesterol levels that are too high. The company can perform an experiment in which one

sample of patients receives a placebo; a second sample receives some low dose; a third a higher dose; and so forth. This is an experiment because the company controls the amount of drug each group receives. The optimal daily dose can be determined by analyzing the patients’ responses to the different dosage levels given.

When analysts are unable to control the factors of interest, the study is observational. In studies of diet and cholesterol, patients’ diets are not under the analyst’s control. Patients are often unwilling or unable to follow prescribed diets; doctors might simply ask patients what they eat and then look for associations between the factor diet and the response variable cholesterol level.

Asking people what they eat is an example of performing a survey. In general, people in a survey are asked questions about their behaviors, opinions, beliefs, and other characteristics. For instance, shoppers at a mall might be asked to fill out a short questionnaire which seeks their opinions about a new bottled water. In other observational studies, we might simply observe the behavior of people. For example, we might observe the behavior of shoppers as they look at a store display, or we might observe the interactions between students and teachers.

## 广义线性模型代考

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。