### 统计代写|python代考|Creating an Imaginary Number

Python是一种高级的、解释性的、通用的编程语言。它的设计理念强调代码的可读性，使用大量的缩进。

Python是动态类型的，并且是垃圾收集的。它支持多种编程范式，包括结构化（特别是程序化）、面向对象和函数式编程。由于其全面的标准库，它经常被描述为一种 “包含电池 “的语言。

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• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• Advanced Probability Theory 高等概率论
• Advanced Mathematical Statistics 高等数理统计学
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 统计代写|python代考|Creating an Imaginary Number

When you use the letter $j$ next to a number and outside the context of a string (that is, not enclosed in quotes), Python knows that you’ve asked it to treat the number you’ve just entered as an imaginary number. When any letter appears outside of a string, it has to have a special meaning, such as this modifier, which specifies the type of number, or a named variables (which you’ll see in Chapter 3 ), or another special name. Otherwise, the appearance of a letter by itself will cause an error!
You can combine imaginary and nonimaginary numbers to create complex numbers: You can see that when you try to mix imaginary numbers and other numbers, they are not added (or subtracted, multiplied, or divided); they’re kept separate, in a way that creates a complex number. Complex numbers have a real part and an imaginary part, but an explanation of how they are used is beyond the scope of this chapter, although if you’re someone who needs to use them, the complex number module (that word again!) is something that you can explore once you’ve gotten through Chapter 6. The module’s name is cmath, for complex math. Complex numbers are discussed further in Chapter $19 .$

## 统计代写|python代考|Using the Different Types

Except for the basic integer, the other number types can grow to an unwieldy number of digits to look at and make sense of. Therefore, very often when these numbers are generated, you will see them in a format that is similar to scientific notation. Python will let you input numbers in this format as well, so it’s a twoway street. There are many snags to using very large long integers and floats. The topic is quite detailed and not necessarily pertinent to learning Python. If you want to know more about floating points numbers in general, and what they really mean to a computer, the paper at http://docs . sun. com/source/ $806-3568 / n c g_{\text {_gol berg }}$. html is a very good reference, although the explanation will only make sense to someone with prior experience with computers and numbers. Don’t let that stop you from looking, though. It may be something you want to know about at some point in the future.
More commonly, you will be using integers and floats. It wouldn’t be unusual to acquire a number from somewhere such as the date, the time, or information about someone’s age or the time of day. After that data, in the form of a number, is acquired, you’ll have to display it.

The usual method of doing this is to incorporate numbers into strings. You can use the format specifier method that was used in Chapter 1. It may make intuitive sense to you that you should also be able to use the + method for including a number in a string, but in fact this does not work, because deep down they are different types, and the + operator is intended for use only with two things of the same type: two strings, two numbers, or two other objects and types that you will encounter later. The definite exceptions are that floats, longs, and integers can be added together. Otherwise, you should expect that different types won’t be combined with the + operation.

You are likely wondering why a string format specifier can be used to include a number, when a + can’t. The reason is that the + operation relies on information contained in the actual items being added. Almost everything you use in Python can be thought of as an object with properties, and all of the properties combined define the object. One important property of every object is its type, and for now the important thing to understand about a type is that certain naturally understood things like the + operation work only when you perform them with two objects of compatible types. In most cases, besides numbers, compatible types should be thought of as the same type.

## 统计代写|python代考|Mistakes Will Happen

While you are entering these examples, you may make a mistake. Obviously, there is nothing that Python can do to help you if you enter a different number; you will get a different answer than the one in this book. However, for mistakes such as entering a letter as a format specifier that doesn’t mean anything to Python or not providing enough numbers in a sequence you’re providing to a string’s format specifiers, Python tries to give you as much information as possible to indicate what’s happened so that you can fix it.

In the preceding code, there are more elements in the sequence (three in all) than there are format specifiers in the string (just two), so Python helps you out with a message. What’s less than helpful is that this mistake would cause a running program to stop running, so this is normally an error condition, or an exception. The term arguments here refers to the format specifiers but is generally used to mean parameters that are required in order for some object to work. When you call a function that expects a certain number of values to be specified, each one of those anticipated values is called an argument.

This is something that programmers take for granted; this specialized technical language may not make sense immediately, but it will begin to feel right when you get used to it. Through the first ten chapters of this book, arguments will be referred to as parameters to make them less puzzling, since no one is arguing, just setting the conditions that are being used at a particular point in time. When you are programming, though, the terms are interchangeable.
Here is another potential mistake:
$\Rightarrow>$ print “화. $.03 \mathrm{f}$, 활 화 와 $(30.1113,12)$
Traceback (most recent call last):
File “”, line 1, in ?
TypeError: not enough arguments for format string
Now that you know what Python means by an argument, it makes sense. You have a format specifier, and you don’t have a value in the accompanying sequence that matches it; thus, there aren’t enough parameters.
If you try to perform addition with a string and a number, you will also get an error:
“This is a string” + 4
Traceback (most recent call last):
“This is a string” $+4$
Traceback (most recent call last) :
File “cinput>”, line 1 , in ?
TypeError: cannot concatenate ‘str’ and ‘int’ objects
File “cinput>”, line 1, in ?
TypeError: cannot concatenate ‘str’ and ‘int’ objects This should make sense because you’ve already read about how you can and can’t do this. However, here is definite proof: Python is telling you clearly that it can’t do what it has been asked to do, so now it’s up to you to resolve the situation. (Hint: You can use the str function.)

## 统计代写|python代考|Mistakes Will Happen

⇒>打印“星期二。.03F, 用弓(30.1113,12)
Traceback（最近一次调用最后一次）：

“This is a string” + 4
Traceback（最近一次调用最后一次）：
“This is a string”+4
Traceback（最近一次调用最后一次）：

TypeError: cannot concatenate ‘str’ and ‘int’ objects 这应该是有道理的，因为您已经阅读了有关如何执行此操作和不能执行此操作的信息。然而，这里有一个明确的证据：Python 清楚地告诉你它不能做它被要求做的事情，所以现在由你来解决这个问题。（提示：您可以使用 str 函数。）

## 有限元方法代写

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。