### 统计代写|SPSS代写代考|The common federal rule

SPSS主要用于数据管理、高级分析、多变量分析、商业智能。

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写SPSS方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写SPSS方面经验极为丰富，各种代写SPSS相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 统计代写|SPSS代写代考|Justice

Finally, the principle of justice has to do with who should bear the burdens of participating in research in relation to who stands to benefit from research. In the Tuskegee study, Tuskegee was not selected because the population there stood to benefit more than other areas from any potential findings. Instead, researchers selected Tuskegee as a site for the study because it was remote and largely isolated, and because its residents were low income and Black. That meant that it was unlikely that participants would seek or receive any outside medical treatment, and it also meant the researchers could operate with little or no scrutiny. This is an unjust rationale for selecting participants. Doing research with marginalized or vulnerable communities should be limited to those cases where those communities will benefit from the results of research. In a related issue, it also means that research with captive groups like prisoners should only be done if the research is about their captivity. There is another side to this question, too, because there is a history of some fields of research having almost exclusively White, or wealthy, or men participants. This is particularly problematic in fields like medical research, where treatments might affect different groups of people in different and sometimes contradictory ways. However, federal guidance, relying on the principle of justice, requires the adequate representation of women and people of Color in research.

## 统计代写|SPSS代写代考|The common federal rule

These three broad principles are explained in the Belmont Report but did not have the force of law. Following the completion of the Belmont Report, federal agencies wrote regulations to enforce the three major principles. These became encoded in the Common Federal Rule. Called the common rule because it is a set of regulations common to all federal agencies, 45 CFR part 46 is the federal regulation governing all federally funded human subjects research except for medical trials. Because of the differences between medical and social/behavioral research, there is a different common rule for medical research (21 CFR part 56). Research other than medical research is overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services’ (DHHS) Office of Human Research Protections (OHRP). Medical research is overseen by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The two sets of regulation share much in common, but the FDA rule has more specific guidance for clinical trials, medical devices, and drugs.

Although the common rule technically applies to federally funded research, in practice the rule applies to virtually all research conducted in the United States or by U.S. researchers. Most institutions, research centers, and universities in the United States have agreements known as federal-wide assurances in which they agree to subject all research to the same scrutiny, regardless of funding source. So, in practice, it is usually safe to assume that all research done in the United States or by researchers based in the United States will be subject to the Common Federal Rule. Below, we briefly outline the basic components of these regulations as they apply to social and behavioral research.

## 统计代写|SPSS代写代考|Informed consent

Human research participants must provide informed consent to participate in research. This means both that participants must consent to their participation in research, and

they must do so with adequate information to decide on their participation. This relates to the principle of respect for persons. In general, participants should be informed about the purposes of research, the procedures used in the study, any risks they might encounter, benefits they will receive, the compensation they will receive, information on who is conducting the study, and contact information in case of questions or problems. Informed consent documents cannot contain any language that suggests participants are waiving any rights or liability claims-participants always retain all of their human and legal rights regardless of the study design. In most cases, consent is documented through the use of an informed consent form, typically signed by both the researcher and the participant. However, signing the form is not sufficient for informed consent. Informed consent involves, ideally, dialogue in which the researcher explains the information and the participant is free to ask questions or seek clarification, after which they may give their consent.

In some cases, documenting consent through the use of a signed form is not appropriate, in which case a waiver of documentation might be issued. In situations where the only or primary risk to participants is that their participation might become known (a loss of confidentiality) and the only record linking them to the study is the signed consent form, a waiver of documentation might be appropriate. In that case, participants receive an information about the study letter, which contains all elements of a consent form, but without the participant signature.

One important note for people who do research involving children is that children cannot consent to participate in research. Instead, their parent or legal guardian consents to their participation in the research, and the child assents to participation. This additional layer of protection (in requiring parental consent) is because children are considered as having a diminished capacity for consent. There are some scenarios in which parental consent might also be waived, such as research on typical classroom practices or educational tests that do not present more than minimal risk. Children are not the only group regulations define as having diminished capacity for consent. Prisoners also have special protections in the regulations because of the strong coercive power to which they may be subjected. Research involving prisoners must meet many additional criteria, but the research must be related to the conditions of imprisonment and must be impractical to do without the participation of current prisoners.

## 广义线性模型代考

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。