### 金融代写|金融数学代写Financial Mathematics代考|MATHS 1009

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• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 金融代写|金融数学代写Financial Mathematics代考|Foundations in Economics and Finance

Financial securities, financial markets, and financial institutions are at the center of the rapid acceleration of economic growth throughout the world economic growth that plays the key role in reducing starvation, increasing life expectancy, expanding educational opportunities, facilitating travel and communication, and generally increasing the choices available to people throughout the world. Even the richest people on earth two centuries ago could not have even imagined the healthcare, transportation, communications, entertainment, and conveniences that are widely available today. Markets, and in particular financial markets, are essential building blocks that have addressed the problems of the past and that will address the challenges of the future.

This first section of Chapter 1 directly addresses the key question as to why it is important that our societies employ substantial numbers of talented employees to develop and operate financial systems. In other words, when a student embarks on a career in finance does he or she become a parasite on society or a vital contributor to the mosaic of talents required to maintain and innovate a modern economy?

The foundation of a modern economic system is capital – resources that have been accumulated in order to facilitate the production of additional resources in the future. The efficient creation, maintenance, and utilization of capital rely on understanding two essential concepts: the time value of money and the management of risk. Financial mathematics centers on facilitating our understanding of the economics of time and risk.

## 金融代写|金融数学代写Financial Mathematics代考|The Role of Financial Assets

Financial assets are the complement to real assets. Financial assets are contractual or indirect claims. Where a real asset directly provides consumption, a financial asset is typically a claim to cash flows and is therefore an indirect claim on consumption. Chapter 2 introduces two major types of financial assets: bonds (as well as other fixed income securities) and stocks.
Bonds and stocks are financial assets. There is one other major and important type of financial asset: financial derivatives. Financial derivatives are financial contracts involving two parties: a buyer or long position, and a seller or short position. Each contract represents a zero-sum game wherein the buyer’s gain is the seller’s loss and vice versa. Finally, the derivative’s cash flows (payoffs) depend on the uncertain price of the contract’s underlying asset at a specified future date.

Accordingly, financial derivatives differ from traditional stocks and bonds in key ways. Financial derivatives are contracts between two (and in a few cases more) parties. The payoff(s) between the parties is derived from (hence the name derivative) or determined by the value of a specified asset that underlies the derivative. For example, an investor who holds bonds of an airline company may enter into a financial derivative with an investment bank that requires the investor to make a series of fixed payments to the bank in return for a promise by the bank that if the airline company defaults on the bonds the bank will make a large cash payment to the company to offset the losses due to the default. In this case, the investor is using a financial derivative to buy financial protection against default from an investment bank.

Financial securities and other financial assets are part of the financial system of a modern economy. Figure $1.1$ illustrates the role of the financial system as a conduit between people and the real assets that meet their needs and desires for consumption.

Financial securities, financial markets, financial institutions, corporations, and even governments are simply concepts in our minds that help organize and structure a society by determining who has the rights to the benefits generated by real assets. Corporations, governments, and other institutions do not produce or consume goods – people do. People are more efficient at producing goods and services, and benefiting from those good and services, when they organize themselves using concepts such as corporations, unions, governments, financial institutions, and so forth. The hallmark of societies with highly successful economies is that they have well-developed financial systems and institutions.

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。