### 金融代写|金融风险管理代写Financial Risk Management代考|FIN801

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写金融风险管理Financial Risk Management方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写金融风险管理Financial Risk Management方面经验极为丰富，各种代写金融风险管理Financial Risk Management相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 金融代写|金融风险管理代写Financial Risk Management代考|BRIEF LITERATURE REVIEW ON FINANCIAL RISK

FR includes several types of risk, such as market risk, model risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, operational risk, and risk of disclosure compose the financial risk, and some of these types of FR are also divided into various classes of risk. For example, market risk (Schroeck, 2002) is composed of four kinds of risk: the equity risk, the interest rate risk, the currency risk, and commodity risk (Salomons \& Grootveld, 2003). From the different types of FR, risk disclosure is related to good CG practices, making companies more transparent in disclosing risks, helping investors to make a better decision in their portfolio investment, creating benefits to firms and shareholders, and, consequently, improving the competitiveness of companies (Solomon et al., 2000). Thus, we can see that it is expected an influence of CG on firms FR.
The CG practices are determinant to protect investors’ and other stakeholders’ interests (Soltani \& Maupetit, 2015). Indeed, CG proposes a set of practices to reduce the conflicts between managers and shareholders (Vieira \& Neiva, 2019). The most concise definition of CG was provided by the Cadbury Report in 1992, “Corporate governance is the system by which companies are directed and controlled”, and all the responsibility is placed over their leaders. For most companies, those leaders are the directors, responsible for the decision of the long-term strategy of the company, to serve the best interests of all the stakeholders.

The CG rules and practices present different stages of development, according to the economic characteristics of countries. For example, the Western Continental European firms present higher levels of ownership concentration and the dominance of family owners (Aganin \& Volpin, 2002; Högfeldt, 2003). Developing countries characterize Central Europe, being now consolidating their $\mathrm{CG}$ systems to improve investor protection and transparency (Svejnar, 2002). Eastern Europe exposes diverse CG characteristics, with strong ownership concentration and poor investor protection. For example, the United Kingdom (UK) is characterized by dispersed ownership, liquid capital market, transparency, and high investors’ protection, while France, Germany, and Italy are making efforts to improve the stock market efficiency, the investor protection. as well as best practice codes (Aluchna, 2016). Consequently, we expect that different $\mathrm{CG}$ practices will influence differently the firm’s financial risk.

The economic failures oyer the past, as well as the current economic changes, show the need for efficient CG practices and financial risk disclosure approaches (Luo, 2016). Indeed, various studies analyze how CG affects the level of FR disclosure, such as the ones of Alnabsha et al. (2018), Elamer and Benyazid (2018), Solomon et al. (2000), Ettredge et al. (2011), Ntim et al. (2013), Bufarwa et al. (2020) and Putri et al. (2021).

Bufarwa et al. (2020) analyze the impact of CG mechanisms on FR reporting in the UK, considering a sample of 50 non-financial firms listed on the London Stock Exchange in the period between 2011 and 2015. The authors find that $\mathrm{CG}$ has a significant influence on FR disclosure. Board gender diversity has a positive effect on the level of corporate financial risk disclosure, which adds to the results of previous studies, such as the ones of Barako and Brown (2008), Ntim et al. (2012), and Ntim et al. (2013). Block ownership has also a positive impact on FR disclosure, suggesting that the UK firms will engage in a high level of financial disclosure, including voluntary disclosures. This result is in agreement with the findings of Abraham and $\operatorname{Cox}$ (2007) and Oliveira et al. (2011). However, the authors find no significant relationship between board size and corporate FR disclosure, which is consistent with the results of Elzahar and Hussainey (2012), but inconsistent with the findings of Ntim et al. (2013), who find a positive relationship between these variables.

## 金融代写|金融风险管理代写Financial Risk Management代考|GENERAL BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS ON FINANCIAL RISK

Bibliometric analysis is a method that turns easier the research of the relationship between research criteria and variables related to the research and environment of that research. During this research, it was applied the exploratory, descriptive, and bibliographic research methodology, performing a content analysis through the keywords “financial risk” and “corporate governance”. Provided the authors wanted a recent analysis period, they concentrate the chapter research during the period 2010-2020. Just by searching for the keyword earnings management in the Scopus database, it was found a total of 14,942 documents (from all types), while in the Web of Science database only 4,542 documents, also from all types. Regarding the analysis concentrated on the keywords “financial risk” and “corporate governance” for the 2010-2020 period, the authors end with a final sample of 138 documents in the Scopus database and 50 documents in the Web of Science database.

Another classification performed in our study is the kind of quantitative and qualitative research that takes on its basis a content analysis. The acquired data has on its basis several sources which are found in Scopus (https://www.scopus.com/search/), a database with a huge quantity of articles and Web of Science (https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/basic-search). The process of data collection in this platform is divided into several parameters: the choice of the database, the definition of keywords, the identification of the article, the journal identification, and the classification of the articles. The study performed and presented next will follow over some of these parameters.

Figure 1 presents the evolution of the documents collected during 2010 and 2020 , after applying the parameters defined in the Scopus and Web of Science databases, leading us to a total database of 138 documents, and 50 documents, respectively.

## 金融代写|金融风险管理代写Financial Risk Management代考|BRIEF LITERATURE REVIEW ON FINANCIAL RISK

FR包括几类风险，如市场风险、模型风险、信用风险、流动性风险、操作风险和披露风险等构成财务风险，其中部分FR又分为各种风险类别。例如，市场风险（Schroeck，2002）由四种风险组成：股权风险、利率风险、货币风险和商品风险（Salomons \& Grootveld，2003）。从不同类型的 FR 来看，风险披露与良好的 CG 实践相关，使公司在披露风险时更加透明，帮助投资者在组合投资中做出更好的决策，为公司和股东创造利益，从而提高竞争力公司（所罗门等人，2000 年）。因此，我们可以看到 CG 对公司 FR 的影响是预期的。

CG 规则和实践根据各国的经济特点呈现出不同的发展阶段。例如，欧洲西部大陆的公司呈现出更高水平的所有权集中度和家族所有者的支配地位（Aganin \& Volpin，2002；Högfeldt，2003）。发展中国家是中欧的特征，现在正在巩固他们的CG提高投资者保护和透明度的系统（Svejnar，2002 年）。东欧展现出多元化的企业管治特征，所有权集中度高，投资者保护不力。例如，英国（UK）的特点是股权分散、资本市场流动性强、透明度高、投资者保护程度高，而法国、德国和意大利则在努力提高股市效率，提高投资者保护水平。以及最佳实践代码（Aluchna，2016）。因此，我们期望不同的CG实践将对公司的财务风险产生不同的影响。

## 广义线性模型代考

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。