### 计算机代写|图像处理代写Image Processing代考|BIOC062

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写图像处理Image Processing方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写图像处理Image Processing代写方面经验极为丰富，各种代写图像处理Image Processing相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 计算机代写|图像处理代写Image Processing代考|α-Cuts

The $\alpha$-cut (or level set) of a fuzzy set $\mu$ is the crisp set defined as:
$$\mu_\alpha={x \in \mathcal{U} \mid \mu(x) \geq \alpha} .$$
Strict (or strong) $\alpha$-cuts are defined as:

$$\mu_\alpha={x \in \mathcal{U} \mid \mu(x)>\alpha} .$$
A fuzzy set can be considered as a “stack” of its $\alpha$-cuts. It can be reconstructed from them using different formulas, the main ones being:
$$\begin{gathered} \mu(x)=\int_0^1 \mu_\alpha(x) d \alpha, \ \mu(x)=\sup {\alpha \in] 0,1]} \min \left(\alpha, \mu\alpha(x)\right), \ \mu(x)=\sup {\alpha \in] 0,1]}\left(\alpha \mu\alpha(x)\right) . \end{gathered}$$
Let us now look at the links with Zadeh’s operators. The following relationships hold:
$$\begin{gathered} \left.\left.\forall(\mu, v) \in \mathcal{F}^2, \mu=v \Leftrightarrow \forall \alpha \in\right] 0,1\right], \mu_\alpha=v_\alpha, \ \left.\left.\forall(\mu, v) \in \mathcal{F}^2, \mu \subseteq v \Leftrightarrow \forall \alpha \in\right] 0,1\right], \mu_\alpha \subseteq v_\alpha, \ \forall(\mu, v) \in \mathcal{F}^2, \forall \alpha \in[0,1],(\mu \cap v)\alpha=\mu\alpha \cap v_\alpha, \ \forall(\mu, v) \in \mathcal{F}^2, \forall \alpha \in[0,1],(\mu \cup v)\alpha=\mu\alpha \cup v_\alpha, \ \forall \mu \in \mathcal{F}, \forall \alpha \in[0,1], \bar{\mu}\alpha=\overline{\left(\mu{1-\alpha}\right)} . \end{gathered}$$
Note that the last equation is not as straightforward as the previous ones.

## 计算机代写|图像处理代写Image Processing代考|Cardinality

In this section, we consider only fuzzy sets that are defined over a finite universe, or that have a finite support. This is not restrictive when applying fuzzy sets theory to image processing, since in this domain, we are working mainly with finite (discrete) universes.
The cardinality of such a fuzzy set $\mu$ can be defined as:
$$|\mu|=\sum_{x \in \mathcal{U}} \mu(x),$$
or, if $\mathcal{U}$ is not finite but the support of $\mu$ is finite:
$$|\mu|=\sum_{x \in \operatorname{Supp}(\mu)} \mu(x) .$$
Again this definition is consistent with the cardinality of a crisp set. It can be interpreted as counting each point for an amount corresponding to its membership to the fuzzy set. It is also called the power of the fuzzy set (e.g., in [21]).

This definition can be extended to the case where $\mathcal{U}$ is not finite but measurable. Let $M$ be a measure on $\mathcal{U}$ (such that $\int_{\mathcal{U}} d M(x)=1$ ). The cardinality of $\mu$ is defined as:
$$|\mu|=\int_{\mathcal{U}} \mu(x) d M(x) .$$
Note that all these definitions provide a numeric result which, however, is not necessarily an integer. Extensions will be mentioned in Sect. 2.2.7.

In this section, the universe $\mathcal{U}$ is a real Euclidean space (of any dimension).
The convexity of a fuzzy set is defined from its $\alpha$-cuts as follows: a fuzzy set $\mu$ is convex iff its $\alpha$-cuts are convex (for all $\alpha$ in $[0,1]$ ). This definition is not equivalent to the convexity of the membership function in an analytical sense. ${ }^2$ The analytical equivalent expression for fuzzy convexity is as follows: $\mu$ is convex iff
$$\forall(x, y) \in \mathcal{U}^2, \forall \lambda \in[0,1], \min (\mu(x), \mu(y)) \leq \mu(\lambda x+(1-\lambda) y)$$

# 图像处理代考

## 计算机代写|图像处理代写Image Processing代考|α-Cuts

$$\mu_\alpha=x \in \mathcal{U} \mid \mu(x) \geq \alpha .$$

$$\mu_\alpha=x \in \mathcal{U} \mid \mu(x)>\alpha .$$

$$\left.\left.\left.\left.\mu(x)=\int_0^1 \mu_\alpha(x) d \alpha, \mu(x)=\sup \alpha \in\right] 0,1\right] \min (\alpha, \mu \alpha(x)), \mu(x)=\sup \alpha \in\right] 0,1\right](\alpha \mu \alpha(x)) \text {. }$$

$$\left.\left.\left.\left.\forall(\mu, v) \in \mathcal{F}^2, \mu=v \Leftrightarrow \forall \alpha \in\right] 0,1\right], \mu_\alpha=v_\alpha, \forall(\mu, v) \in \mathcal{F}^2, \mu \subseteq v \Leftrightarrow \forall \alpha \in\right] 0,1\right], \mu_\alpha \subseteq v_\alpha$$

## 计算机代写|图像处理代写Image Processing代考|Cardinality

$$|\mu|=\sum_{x \in \mathcal{U}} \mu(x),$$

$$|\mu|=\sum_{x \in \operatorname{Supp}(\mu)} \mu(x) .$$

$$|\mu|=\int_{\mathcal{U}} \mu(x) d M(x) .$$

$$\forall(x, y) \in \mathcal{U}^2, \forall \lambda \in[0,1], \min (\mu(x), \mu(y)) \leq \mu(\lambda x+(1-\lambda) y)$$

## 有限元方法代写

tatistics-lab作为专业的留学生服务机构，多年来已为美国、英国、加拿大、澳洲等留学热门地的学生提供专业的学术服务，包括但不限于Essay代写，Assignment代写，Dissertation代写，Report代写，小组作业代写，Proposal代写，Paper代写，Presentation代写，计算机作业代写，论文修改和润色，网课代做，exam代考等等。写作范围涵盖高中，本科，研究生等海外留学全阶段，辐射金融，经济学，会计学，审计学，管理学等全球99%专业科目。写作团队既有专业英语母语作者，也有海外名校硕博留学生，每位写作老师都拥有过硬的语言能力，专业的学科背景和学术写作经验。我们承诺100%原创，100%专业，100%准时，100%满意。

## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。