### 会计代写|管理会计代写Management Accounting代考|AEM3230

statistics-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写管理会计Management Accounting方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写管理会计Management Accounting代写方面经验极为丰富，各种代写管理会计Management Accounting相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 会计代写|管理会计代写Management Accounting代考|Comparing actual and planned outcomes

The final stages in the process outlined in Figure $1.1$ involve comparing actual and planned outcomes and responding to divergencies from plan. The managerial function of control consists of the measurement, reporting and subsequent correction of performance in an attempt to ensure that the firm’s objectives and plans are achieved.

To monitor performance, the accountant produces performance reports and presents them to the managers who are responsible for implementing the various decisions. These reports compare actual outcomes (actual costs and revenues) with planned outcomes (budgeted costs and revenues) and should be issued at regular intervals. Performance reports provide feedback information and should highlight those activities that do not conform to plans, so that managers can devote their limited time to focusing mainly on these items. This process represents the application of management by exception, which involves a focus on the ‘vital few’ not the ‘trivial many’ events that take place in the organization. Effective control requires that corrective action be taken so that actual outcomes conform to planned outcomes. Alternatively, the plans may require modification if the comparisons indicate that the plans are no longer attainable. Note that these performance reports will contain both financial and nonfinancial information. We shall develop this notion throughout the book and particularly focus on it in Chapter $21 .$

The process of taking corrective action or modifying the plans if the comparisons indicate that actual outcomes do not conform to planned outcomes, is indicated by the arrowed lines in Figure $1.1$ linking stages 6 and 4 and 6 and 2 . These arrowed lines represent ‘feedback loops. They signify that the process is dynamic and stress the interdependencies between the various stages in the process. The feedback loop between stages 6 and 2 indicates that the plans should be regularly reviewed, and if they are no longer attainable then alternative courses of action must be considered for achieving the organization’s objectives. The second loop stresses the corrective action taken so that actual outcomes conform to planned outcomes. Chapters 15 to 18 focus on the planning and control process.

## 会计代写|管理会计代写Management Accounting代考|Global competition

Throughout the last few decades reductions in tariffs and duties on imports and exports, and dramatic improvements in transportation and communication systems, have resulted in many firms operating in a global market. Prior to this, many organizations operated in a protected competitive environment. Barriers of communication and geographical distance, and sometimes protected markets, limited the ability of overseas companies to compete in domestic markets. There was little incentive for firms to maximize efficiency and improve management practices, or to minimize costs, as cost increases could often be passed on to customers. During the 1990s, however, organizations began to encounter severe competition from international competitors who offered high-quality products at low prices. Manufacturing companies can now establish global networks for acquiring raw materials and components, and distributing goods overseas through the development of sophisticated supply chains. Service organizations can communicate with customers and overseas offices instantaneously using internet and digital technologies. These changes have enabled competitors to gain access to domestic markets throughout the world. Nowadays, organizations have to compete against the best companies in the world. This new competitive environment has increased the demand for information relating to quality and customer satisfaction, and cost information relating to cost management, ways to add value and profitability analysis by product/service lines and geographical locations.

## 有限元方法代写

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。