经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|ECON30003

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产业经济学是关于公司、行业和市场的研究。它研究各种规模的公司–从当地的角落商店到沃尔玛或乐购这样的跨国巨头。它还考虑了一系列的行业,如发电、汽车生产和餐馆。

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我们提供的产业经济学Industrial Economics及其相关学科的代写,服务范围广, 其中包括但不限于:

  • Statistical Inference 统计推断
  • Statistical Computing 统计计算
  • Advanced Probability Theory 高等概率论
  • Advanced Mathematical Statistics 高等数理统计学
  • (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
  • Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
  • Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
  • Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础
经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|ECON30003

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|Foundational value

The lower-order, or foundational, penultimate ends are somato-stability, socialbelonging, and self-determination. By foundational we mean that without a sufficient measure of attainment of each of these three ends, it is near impossible to do much else to achieve your ultimate goals. In the absence of one of the foundational ends, there is a high probability that you will allocate most of your time, energy, and other resources towards efforts to procure or recover the end which is missing. The goods and services associated with attaining these foundational ends are typically subject to the saturation hypothesis, meaning that there tends to be an upper limit, known as the saturation level, to the allocation of resources put towards consuming them (Moneta and Chai 2014). As a caution to policymakers, Azgad-Tromer recently argued that the marketplaces for goods and services which satisfy these foundational penultimate ends are particularly vulnerable: “Markets of essentials tend toward failure of demand, due to consumers’ bounded voluntariness and lower probability of informed choice. Accordingly, sellers in markets of essentials have higher incentives for collusion and lower incentives for price competition and for investment in product quality. Thus, the likelihood of market failure increases with the essentiality of the product: the more basic the underlying need, the higher the probability for market failure” (Azgad-Tromer 2015).

Somato-stability represents the state of being in which bodily systems and vital functions are operational and stable, such that one possesses physical well-being and the absence of serious disease or infirmity. This foundational end is desirable because its attainment is a prerequisite to attaining higher order objectives. Living is the prerequisite to living well. The antepenultimate ends which tend to help

confer somato-stability include clean air and oxygen, a balanced diet, clean drinking water, quality sleep, protection from environmental extremes and threats, exercise, sanitation, environmental care, fun and mental stimulation, a positive attitude and outlook, and hope.

Social-belonging represents the state of being in which one identifies with and participates in communities of other people and feels accepted by the other members of the community. This foundational end is desirable because its attainment allows you to not only give and receive love, emotional support, and intellectual stimulation, but also possess the natural satisfaction that results from sharing experiences with other people whom you like (Scitovsky 1976, pp. 82-84). The antepenultimate ends which people tend to believe confer social-belonging are many and complex, but typically include personal bilateral friendships, physical interaction or intimacy, a healthy family dynamic, membership of clubs and societies, good relationships within businesses and within the workplace, a fair political system, a just social contract along with appropriate laws and regulations, counselling services, correction centres if necessary, gifts, quality time, generous acts of kindness, stimulating and honest conversation, and a sense of trust.

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|Aspirational value

The middle-order, or aspirational, penultimate ends in our model are status, security, and strength. All three of these aspirational penultimate ends require some measure of attainment of the three foundational penultimate ends.

Status represents the state of being in which you are perceived as valuable, admirable, and respectable, or possessing of qualities which are so. Your self-perception and the perception of you by others are both relevant. Status presupposes the existence of social-belonging, since status is derived from the possession of a good reputation among the other members of the communities in which you participate. Status is the aspirational end for the foundational end of social-belonging. The antepenultimate ends which people tend to believe confer status are many and varied, but typically include such things as a well-rounded education, a virtuous

character, an interesting or fashionable lifestyle, luxury travel, a mastery of eloquence and wit, composure, experience and wisdom, the mastery of skills, fame and recognition, good looks and bodily fitness, and the possession of cultural status symbols.

Security represents the state of being in which you possess a sense of safety with regard to the uncertain future that lies before you, perhaps because you are confident in your provisions to mitigate risk or have sufficient experience to judge the predictability of events. Security is valued because it permits stability of the mind, freeing up mental resources and time to be allocated to higher order activities, which would otherwise be spent worrying and monitoring. Security is the aspirational end for the foundational end of somato-stability. The antepenultimate ends which people tend to believe confer security are many and varied, but typically include such things as routines and habits due to the experience and familiarity associated with following a procedure already tried and tested; reliable friends and family who you believe will help support you if the need arises; a stable source of income which allows you to plan for future investment and expenditure; financial savings which you plan to rely on in case of unexpected emergencies; diversified investments due to the mitigation of risk; safety gear and equipment for undertaking dangerous activities; insurance to protect against damage to valuable assets; crisis response equipment and systems to deal with emergency situations; and welldesigned goods which you can trust will perform as desired or reputable services which you believe can be relied upon.

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|Industrial revolutions promote higher-order values

Now, the model assumes that every person has a finite resource constraint which dictates an upper bound on their capacity to pursue the attainment of any of these ends (Strotz 1957). Instead of a typical budget constraint composed of pure

monetary resources, however, it is more useful to consider a broader budget constraint which is composed of a fixed amount of time, along with a finite amount of financial resources and a finite amount of personal energy (which may comprise physical or mental energy as the situation requires). This reflects the observation that money is just one resource, which only has relevance in the context of economic marketplaces in which money is exchanged for a product or service. There are plenty of economic marketplaces, especially now in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, where the commodity exchanged is someone’s attention, that is, their time. We will examine examples of this in more detail later in this book.

In many cases, the pursuit of the penultimate ends requires some measure of time, money, and energy to be allocated towards the effort. It is too simplistic to assume that economic agents compare substitute goods and services purely on price. In many cases, new products and services based on innovative technology achieve successful large-scale adoption in the marketplace not because of their price, but because of their convenience, enabling their consumer to save time or the unnecessary expenditure of energy in the pursuit of the same ends, compared to the products and services which they displace. With this additional time and energy at their disposal, people have an improved ability to allocate personal resources to the pursuit of higher-order ends. As Jevons (1924, p. 54) stated, “the satisfaction of a lower want … merely permits the higher want to manifest itself”

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|ECON30003

产业经济学代考

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|Foundational value

低级或基本的倒数第二个目标是躯体稳定性、社会归属感和自决。我们所说的基础是指,如果没有充分衡量这三个目标中的每一个,就几乎不可能做很多其他事情来实现你的最终目标。在没有基本目标之一的情况下,您很可能会将大部分时间、精力和其他资源用于努力获得或恢复缺失的目标。与实现这些基本目标相关的商品和服务通常受制于饱和假设,这意味着用于消费它们的资源分配往往存在上限,即饱和水平(Moneta 和 Chai,2014 年)。作为对政策制定者的警告,Azgad-Tromer 最近认为,满足这些倒数第二个基本目标的商品和服务市场特别脆弱:“由于消费者的有限自愿性和知情选择的可能性较低,必需品市场往往会出现需求失败。因此,必需品市场上的卖家对串通的动机较高,而对价格竞争和产品质量投资的动机较低。因此,市场失灵的可能性随着产品的重要性而增加:潜在需求越基本,市场失灵的可能性就越高”(Azgad-Tromer 2015)。由于消费者的有限自愿性和较低的知情选择概率。因此,必需品市场上的卖家对串通的动机较高,而对价格竞争和产品质量投资的动机较低。因此,市场失灵的可能性随着产品的重要性而增加:潜在需求越基本,市场失灵的可能性就越高”(Azgad-Tromer 2015)。由于消费者的有限自愿性和较低的知情选择概率。因此,必需品市场上的卖家对串通的动机较高,而对价格竞争和产品质量投资的动机较低。因此,市场失灵的可能性随着产品的重要性而增加:潜在需求越基本,市场失灵的可能性就越高”(Azgad-Tromer 2015)。

躯体稳定性代表身体系统和生命机能运作稳定的存在状态,即身体健康,没有严重的疾病或虚弱。这个基本目标是可取的,因为它的实现是实现更高层次目标的先决条件。活着是活得好的前提。倒数第二个结局往往会有所帮助

赋予身体稳定性包括清洁的空气和氧气、均衡的饮食、清洁的饮用水、优质的睡眠、免受极端环境和威胁的影响、锻炼、卫生、环境保护、娱乐和精神刺激、积极的态度和前景以及希望。

社会归属感代表了一种存在状态,在这种状态下,一个人认同并参与到其他人的社区中,并感到被社区的其他成员接受。这个基本目标是可取的,因为它的实现不仅使您能够给予和接受爱、情感支持和智力刺激,而且还拥有与您喜欢的其他人分享经验所产生的自然满足感 (Scitovsky 1976, pp. 82- 84)。人们倾向于认为赋予社会归属感的倒数第二个目标是复杂的,但通常包括个人双边友谊、身体互动或亲密关系、健康的家庭动态、俱乐部和社团的成员资格、企业内和工作场所内的良好关系、公平的政治制度,

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|Aspirational value

在我们的模型中,中等或有抱负的倒数第二个目标是地位、安全和力量。所有这三个有抱负的倒数第二个目标都需要在一定程度上实现三个基本的倒数第二个目标。

地位代表了你被认为有价值、令人钦佩和受人尊敬的存在状态,或者具有如此重要的品质。你的自我认知和他人对你的认知都是相关的。地位以社会归属感的存在为前提,因为地位源于在你参与的社区的其他成员中拥有良好的声誉。地位是社会归属的根本目的的理想目的。人们倾向于认为赋予地位的倒数第二个目的是多种多样的,但通常包括诸如全面的教育、美德

性格、有趣或时尚的生活方式、奢华的旅行、口才与智慧的掌握、沉着、经验与智慧的掌握、技能的掌握、名望与认可、容貌与身体健康、文化地位的象征。

安全性代表您对摆在您面前的不确定未来拥有安全感的存在状态,这可能是因为您对减轻风险的规定充满信心或有足够的经验来判断事件的可预测性。安全之所以受到重视,是因为它可以让头脑保持稳定,释放精神资源和时间来分配给更高层次的活动,否则这些活动会花在担心和监控上。安全是体稳定性的根本目的的理想目的。人们倾向于认为赋予安全感的倒数第二个目的是多种多样的,但通常包括例行程序和习惯等内容,这是由于与遵循已经尝试和测试的程序相关的经验和熟悉程度;可靠的朋友和家人,您相信他们会在需要时为您提供支持;稳定的收入来源,可让您规划未来的投资和支出;您计划在发生意外紧急情况时依靠的财务储蓄;由于降低风险而进行的多元化投资;从事危险活动的安全装备和设备;保护贵重资产免受损害的保险;应对紧急情况的危机应对设备和系统;您可以信赖的精心设计的商品将提供您认为可以信赖的期望或信誉良好的服务。由于降低风险而进行的多元化投资;从事危险活动的安全装备和设备;保护贵重资产免受损害的保险;应对紧急情况的危机应对设备和系统;您可以信赖的精心设计的商品将提供您认为可以信赖的期望或信誉良好的服务。由于降低风险而进行的多元化投资;从事危险活动的安全装备和设备;保护贵重资产免受损害的保险;应对紧急情况的危机应对设备和系统;您可以信赖的精心设计的商品将提供您认为可以信赖的期望或信誉良好的服务。

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考|Industrial revolutions promote higher-order values

现在,该模型假设每个人都有一个有限的资源约束,这决定了他们追求任何这些目标的能力的上限(Strotz 1957)。而不是一个典型的由纯

然而,考虑更广泛的预算约束更为有用,该约束由固定的时间、有限的财务资源和有限的个人精力(可能包括体力或脑力)组成。情况需要)。这反映了货币只是一种资源的观察结果,它仅在货币交换产品或服务的经济市场背景下具有相关性。有很多经济市场,尤其是在第四次工业革命时期,交换的商品是某人的注意力,也就是他们的时间。我们将在本书后面更详细地研究这方面的例子。

在许多情况下,追求倒数第二个目标需要一些时间、金钱和精力来分配到努力上。假设经济主体纯粹根据价格比较替代商品和服务太简单了。在许多情况下,基于创新技术的新产品和服务在市场上获得成功的大规模采用不是因为它们的价格,而是因为它们的便利性,使他们的消费者能够节省时间或不必要的能源支出来追求与它们取代的产品和服务相比,它们的目的相同。有了这些额外的时间和精力,人们可以更好地分配个人资源来追求更高层次的目标。正如 Jevons (1924, p. 54) 所说,

经济代写|产业经济学代写Industrial Economics代考 请认准statistics-lab™

统计代写请认准statistics-lab™. statistics-lab™为您的留学生涯保驾护航。

金融工程代写

金融工程是使用数学技术来解决金融问题。金融工程使用计算机科学、统计学、经济学和应用数学领域的工具和知识来解决当前的金融问题,以及设计新的和创新的金融产品。

非参数统计代写

非参数统计指的是一种统计方法,其中不假设数据来自于由少数参数决定的规定模型;这种模型的例子包括正态分布模型和线性回归模型。

广义线性模型代考

广义线性模型(GLM)归属统计学领域,是一种应用灵活的线性回归模型。该模型允许因变量的偏差分布有除了正态分布之外的其它分布。

术语 广义线性模型(GLM)通常是指给定连续和/或分类预测因素的连续响应变量的常规线性回归模型。它包括多元线性回归,以及方差分析和方差分析(仅含固定效应)。

有限元方法代写

有限元方法(FEM)是一种流行的方法,用于数值解决工程和数学建模中出现的微分方程。典型的问题领域包括结构分析、传热、流体流动、质量运输和电磁势等传统领域。

有限元是一种通用的数值方法,用于解决两个或三个空间变量的偏微分方程(即一些边界值问题)。为了解决一个问题,有限元将一个大系统细分为更小、更简单的部分,称为有限元。这是通过在空间维度上的特定空间离散化来实现的,它是通过构建对象的网格来实现的:用于求解的数值域,它有有限数量的点。边界值问题的有限元方法表述最终导致一个代数方程组。该方法在域上对未知函数进行逼近。[1] 然后将模拟这些有限元的简单方程组合成一个更大的方程系统,以模拟整个问题。然后,有限元通过变化微积分使相关的误差函数最小化来逼近一个解决方案。

tatistics-lab作为专业的留学生服务机构,多年来已为美国、英国、加拿大、澳洲等留学热门地的学生提供专业的学术服务,包括但不限于Essay代写,Assignment代写,Dissertation代写,Report代写,小组作业代写,Proposal代写,Paper代写,Presentation代写,计算机作业代写,论文修改和润色,网课代做,exam代考等等。写作范围涵盖高中,本科,研究生等海外留学全阶段,辐射金融,经济学,会计学,审计学,管理学等全球99%专业科目。写作团队既有专业英语母语作者,也有海外名校硕博留学生,每位写作老师都拥有过硬的语言能力,专业的学科背景和学术写作经验。我们承诺100%原创,100%专业,100%准时,100%满意。

随机分析代写


随机微积分是数学的一个分支,对随机过程进行操作。它允许为随机过程的积分定义一个关于随机过程的一致的积分理论。这个领域是由日本数学家伊藤清在第二次世界大战期间创建并开始的。

时间序列分析代写

随机过程,是依赖于参数的一组随机变量的全体,参数通常是时间。 随机变量是随机现象的数量表现,其时间序列是一组按照时间发生先后顺序进行排列的数据点序列。通常一组时间序列的时间间隔为一恒定值(如1秒,5分钟,12小时,7天,1年),因此时间序列可以作为离散时间数据进行分析处理。研究时间序列数据的意义在于现实中,往往需要研究某个事物其随时间发展变化的规律。这就需要通过研究该事物过去发展的历史记录,以得到其自身发展的规律。

回归分析代写

多元回归分析渐进(Multiple Regression Analysis Asymptotics)属于计量经济学领域,主要是一种数学上的统计分析方法,可以分析复杂情况下各影响因素的数学关系,在自然科学、社会和经济学等多个领域内应用广泛。

MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中,其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括:数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发,包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统,其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题,尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题,而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问,这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展,得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中,它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域,MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要,工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数(M 文件)的综合集合,可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。

R语言代写问卷设计与分析代写
PYTHON代写回归分析与线性模型代写
MATLAB代写方差分析与试验设计代写
STATA代写机器学习/统计学习代写
SPSS代写计量经济学代写
EVIEWS代写时间序列分析代写
EXCEL代写深度学习代写
SQL代写各种数据建模与可视化代写

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