### 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|MATH477

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• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|Fluid model

A fluid model consists of replacing a queue which is a discrete-time event system by a reservoir of infinite capacity which empties itself at unit speed and is fed by some continuous data flow. We can then obtain qualitative results on models whose study supports no other approaches. On the one hand, the method does not require precise knowledge about the rate of the input process, and on the other hand, it is particularly well adapted to the study of extreme cases: low and high loads, superposition of heterogeneous traffic.

We work in continuous time and we assume that all the processes are rightcontinuous with left limits. We denote:
1) $S(t)$ : the total service time for the requests arrived up to time $t$;
2) $W(t)$ : the virtual waiting time of a customer arriving at time $t$, that is the time that the customer must wait before starting to be served;
3) $X(t)=S(t)-t$.
As the system has no losses, we have
$$W(t)=X(t)-\left(t-\int_{0}^{t} \mathbf{1}_{{0}}(W(s)) \mathrm{d} s\right) .$$
We will focus on showing an equivalent formulation of this equation.

## 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|Canonical space

The concept of stationarity implies invariance in time, that is : a shift in time does not change the global picture. If the idea is easily understood, its formalization quickly clouds the basic concept.

Let us consider the set $F^{\mathbf{N}}$ of sequences of elements of a set $F$. The shift operator $\theta$ on $F^{\mathbf{N}}$ is then defined by
$$\theta: \begin{cases}F^{\mathbf{N}} & \longrightarrow F^{\mathbf{N}} \ \left(\omega_{n}, n \geq 0\right) & \longmapsto\left(\omega_{n+1}, n \geq 0\right)=\left(\omega_{n}, n \geq 1\right)\end{cases}$$
Defined in this way, this operator has the drawback of not being bijective: if we consider a sequence $\beta=\left(\beta_{n}, n \geq 0\right)$, all the sequences obtained by concatenation of any element of $F$ and $\beta$ are mapped onto $\beta$ by $\theta$. To overcome this problem, it is customary to work with sequences indexed by $\mathbf{Z}$ and not by $\mathbf{N}$. This change has no crucial mathematical consequence, as the indexation space remains countable. Philosophically, however, it implies that there is no more origin of time…
The shift operator is thus defined on $F^{\mathbf{Z}}$ by
$$\theta\left(\omega_{n}, n \in \mathbf{Z}\right)=\left(\omega_{n+1}, n \in \mathbf{Z}\right)$$
and thus becomes bijective!

## 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|Fluid model

1) $S(t)$ ：请求的总服务时间到达时间 $t$;
2) $W(t)$ ：客户到达时间的虚拟等待时间 $t$ ，即客户在开始服务之前必须等待的时间；
3) $X(t)=S(t)-t$.

$$W(t)=X(t)-\left(t-\int_{0}^{t} \mathbf{1}_{0}(W(s)) \mathrm{d} s\right) .$$

## 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|Canonical space

$$\theta:\left{F^{\mathbf{N}} \longrightarrow F^{\mathbf{N}}\left(\omega_{n}, n \geq 0\right) \longmapsto\left(\omega_{n+1}, n \geq 0\right)=\left(\omega_{n}, n \geq 1\right)\right.$$

$$\theta\left(\omega_{n}, n \in \mathbf{Z}\right)=\left(\omega_{n+1}, n \in \mathbf{Z}\right)$$

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。