### 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|STAT342

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• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|Traffic, load, Erlang, etc.

In electricity, we count the amps or volts; in meteorology, we measure the pressure; in telecommunications, we count the Erlangs.

The telephone came into existence in 1870. Most of the concepts and notations were derived during this period. Looking at a telephone connection over a time period of length $T$, we define its observed traffic flow as the percentage of time during which the connection is busy
$$\rho=\frac{\sum_{i} t_{i}}{T}$$
A priori, traffic is a dimensionless quantity since it is the ratio of the occupation time to the total time. However, it still has a unit, Erlang, in remembrance of Erlang who, along with Palm, was one of the pioneers of the performance assessment of telephone networks. Therefore, a load of 1 Erlang corresponds to an always busy connection.

Looking at several connections, the traffic carried by this trunk is the sum of the traffic of each connection
$$\rho_{\text {trunk }}=\sum_{\text {connections }} \rho_{\text {connection }}$$
This is no longer a percentage, but we can give a physical interpretation to this quantity according to the ergodic hypothesis. In fact, assume that the number of junctions is large, then we can calculate the average occupation rate in two different ways: either by calculating the percentage of the occupation time of a particular connection over a large period of time; or by computing the percentage of busy connections at a given time.

## 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|Lindley and Beneˇs

We often consider the number of customers present in the system but the quantity that contains the most information is the system load, defined at each moment as the time required for the system to empty itself in the absence of new arrivals. The server works at unit speed: it serves a unit of work per unit time. Consequently, the load decreases with speed 1 between two arrivals. Figure $1.8$ which represents the load over time depending on the arrivals and required service times is easily constructed.

DEFINITION 1.2.- A busy period of a queue is a period that begins with the arrival of a customer in an empty system (server plus buffer) and ends with the end of a service after which the system is empty again.

A cycle is a time period that begins with the arrival of a customer in an empty system and ends on the next arrival of a customer in an empty system. This is the concatenation of a busy period and an idle period, that is the time elapsed between the departure of the last customer of the busy period and the arrival of the next customer.

NOTE.- In Figure 1.8, a busy period begins at $T_{1}$ and ends at $D_{4}$. The corresponding cycle begins at $T_{1}$ and ends at $T_{5}$.

Note that as long as a service policy is conservative, the size of a busy period is independent of it: for waiting rooms of infinite size, the busy periods have, for example, the same length for the FIFO policy as that for the non-preemptive or preemptive resume LIFO policy.

## 统计代写|随机分析作业代写stochastic analysis代写|Traffic, load, Erlang, etc.

$$\rho=\frac{\sum_{i} t_{i}}{T}$$

$$\rho_{\text {trunk }}=\sum_{\text {connections }} \rho_{\text {connection }}$$

## 有限元方法代写

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。